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Now we have new OS i.e Windows Vista with various versions. Home, business, ultimate bla bla..


How good it is? For me it is not that great as expected. OK graphic is good and many more features but it has to meet its requirements. If I were to run XP on same specs I will be smiling every day but no choice....


One thing really annoyed me is when you are copying or deleting files it takes ages. Starting up and shutting down is slower than any other OS. I tried disabling compare files option to make delete/copy faster but that made no difference. I found out MS admitting there is a bug but no fix yet. To make it faster to shut down I used some other software but no difference.


Another annoying thing is this also, if you want to make any changes you will get pop up for confirmation all the time unless you disable it from local policy.


Oh I almost forgot to say, another really annoying this is, you get access denied error when you want to save some files to your hard drive although you are a member of administrators group. You have to run that program as an administrator. That is quite simple just right click the mouse on program's shortcut and select run as administrator to avoid this annoying access denied error.



Anyway we have to go forward, hope MS will supply the fix sooner or later. For every new OS we always had some kind of problems, slowly one by one all those things were fixed and we were happy :-)





OK I have collected some tips and tricks from various sites which I will be posting here..

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Minimum requirements


- 1 GHz 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor¹).

- 1 GB of system memory.

- Support for DirectX 9 graphics with a WDDM driver, 128 MB of graphics memory (minimum)², Pixel Shader 2.0 and 32 bits per pixel.

- 40 GB of hard drive capacity with 15 GB free space.

- DVD-ROM Drive³.

- Audio output capability.

- Internet access capability.


Disable Hibernation


Unlike other versions of Windows Hibernation is part and parcel of the shutdown options of Vista. There are no options in Power options to actually disable it. If you don't use it then hibernation will be taking up valuable disk space, therefore it is easier to disable the option and reclaim the disk space allocated to the hiberfil.sys.

To disable hibernation proceed as follows:

1/ Open a Command prompt

2/ At the command prompt type: powercfg -H off


Checking System Memory With Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool


Windows Vista is the first Windows operating system to have a built in memory diagnostics tool. This tool helps analyse your install system memory (RAM) to ensure that everything is working as it should be.


There are two methods of accessing the Memory Diagnostics Tool:


From within the Vista Interface:

1/ Click the Start button

2/ From the menu select Control panel

3/ In Control panel click the Administrative Tools Icon

4/ In the Administrative Tools Window you will see a menu of items. Scroll down this menu until you come to the Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool and then click on this option

5 A new window will now appear with the following options:

Restart Now and check for problems (recommended)

Check for problems the next time I start my computer

6/ It is recommended that you choose the 'restart now and check problems option'

7/ The Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool will now start scanning your memory for problems

8/ After the diagnostic tool has finished checking the memory your PC will restart and details of the memory check will be displayed via an icon in the notification area.

9/ By default the memory check is set for 'standard'. If you want a more thorough check you can change the scan option by pressing F1. This will bring up the options window. From here you can change the scan from Standard to Basic or Enhanced. Please note that the Enhanced scan does take some time to complete.

Start Scan at Boot-up

This option is useful if you have a dual boot system - i.e. you have more than one operating system installed on your PC.

1/ Reboot your PC

2/ At the Vista Boot manager screen press the TAB button to highlight the Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool option

3/ When this option is highlighted press Enter

4/ The Memory Diagnostics Tool Window will now open and scanning of the memory will start

5/ Once scanning has completed your PC will restart and details of the scan will be displayed via an icon in the notification area on your desktop.


Preview Documents In Windows Explorer


Have you ever thought how good it would be if you could preview any document without having to actually open it? Well now you can using the preview option in Windows Explorer.

1/ Open Windows Explorer

2/ Click the Organise button

3/ From the drop down menu click layout

4/ From the Layout Menu click the 'Preview Pane' option

5/ Finally highlight a document you want to view and, after a few seconds, a preview of that document should appear in the preview pane.


Enable Bitlocker Encryption


Bitlocker Encrytpion is the latest encryption method for Vista. Rather than simply encrypt a single file Bitlocker actually encrypts the whole hard drive/partition, thus making the system more secure.

To use Bitlocker Encryption you need one of two components - a TPM complaint motherboard or a USB key. If your motherboard is TPM complaint, in other words, it has a TPM chip on the motherboard that hold encrypted keys, Bitlocker should be enabled by default. If your motherboard is not TMP complaint then Bitlocker will not be enabled by default and you will need to enable it. You will also need a USB key to store the encrypted keys on. Incidentally, you will need to insert the USB drive key into the USB port every time you boot your PC.


To enable Bitlocker proceed as follows:


1/ Click the Start Button

2/ From the Start Menu click Accessories and the Click Run

3/ In the Run Dialog box type: gpedit.msc

4/ In the Group Policy window click on Computer Configuration

5/ From the list that appears click Plus sign (+) next to Adminstrative Templates

6/ From the expanded menu click the Plus sign (+) next to Windows Compnents

7/ From the expanded menu that now appears click on Bitlocker Drive Encryption

8/ Now look for Control Panel setup: Enable advanced startup options

9/ If you highlight this option and then look on the left hand side of the window you will see a description of what this does. Also you will see a link marked 'Properties'. Click on this link to open the properties window.

10/ In the properties window click the radio button next to the 'Enable' option and then click OK

11/ Finally Go to Control Panel and click on the Bitlocker Icon. You should see a link now for enabling Bitlocker.


Windows Vista Boot Manager - BCDedit


The familiar boot.ini file of previous Windows versions has been replaced in Windows Vista with a new boot file called BCDedit. It is unfortunate that, unlike, boot.ini the BCDedit file is not the easiest of files to actually edit. Some would say that the boot.ini file was a nightmare, well BCDedit is absolutely horrendous.


For more information on the Vista Boot manager visit:




This mean no more boot.ini


more to come.......



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categories of Windows Vista: Home and Business.


The Home category should feature the following editions:

• Vista Starter

• Home Basic

• Vista Home Premium

• Vista Ultimate


The Business category should feature the following editions:

• Vista Small Business

• Vista Professional

• Vista Enterprise





I like Readyboost feature but it doesn't work with all the USB flash drive.


If you have less memory say 512 MB, you can use flash drive to make it faster. Once you connect your flash drive and go to the properties of flash drive, there you will see readyboot option but if your flash drive is too fast or too slow it won't work :-(




more in my next post......

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Questions and Answers




- You have run checks on the BIOS of the workstations and to boot from DVD-ROM is not allowed. What should you do?


You should update the BIOS.




- You run setup.exe from the Microsoft Windows Vista Ultimate Edition DVD to install Microsoft Windows Vista Ultimate Edition. Which directory will hold the old operating system ?


Windows.OLD directory




- To install Microsoft Windows Vista on XP computers. The packaging lists only the minimum requirements. What should you do?


Run the Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor.




- The video cards on all the computers have just been upgraded to a Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) compatible card. You thus need to configure the desktop for Windows Aero. What should you do?


Set Color to 32 bit.

Set the Color Scheme to Windows Aero.

Set theme to Windows Vista




- You need to remove any Microsoft Windows Internet Explorer 7 add-ons in Microsoft Windows Vista computers that do not have prior approval from the following authorities: Microsoft System manufacturer Service provider


Remove any add-ons that are not found in the list of add-ons that run without requiring permission.




- A router that performs Network Address Translation (NAT) is installed between your computer and the Internet. The router fails. You connect the computer directly to the Internet. You need to ensure that the computer is connected to the Internet in the most secure manner possible. What should you do?


Configure the network category of your network connection to Public.




- Your computer has Microsoft Windows Firewall enabled. Your child plays an online game that uses connectionless traffic over port 5678 for inbound and outbound traffic. You need to prevent your child from playing this game. What should you do?


Create an outbound rule in Windows Firewall to block UDP port 5678.




- You install Microsoft Windows Vista on a computer. You will share the computer with another user. You need to prevent the user from making unauthorized changes to the computer. What should you do?


Create a standard user account for the user.




- You need to identify if malware is causing performance issues on your computer. What should you do?


Start a Windows Defender scan.




- You need to configure the local security policy setting to request a user name and password when you make changes to the computer system. What should you do?


Configure the User Account Control: Behavior of the elevation prompt for administrators in Admin Approval mode setting to the Prompt for credentials option.




- You install a third-party application on your computer. The application uses port 80 to negotiate a listening port. After establishing the listening port, the application uses dynamic ports above 6000. You need to configure Microsoft Windows Firewall to allow traffic for the application. What should you do?


Add a program exception for the new application




- You run a Windows Defender scan on your computer. You notice a valid program listed in Quarantined Items. You need to use this program on your computer. What should you do?


Restore the program from the Quarantined Items list.





More next time .....

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Himal Jee,


Thanks for useful information. I have used VISA but I found it more confusing than features. And like XP did in initial days, VISA crash and have compatibility problem.


By the way Himal Jee, can you send me your phone no please?

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Some of the compatibiliyt problems can be solved by choosing "compabitibitliy" thing in control panel during installing the programs. I once was frustated to install SAS in vista but later found the way out. I do not use vista anymore by the way:).

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Hey guys,


I have Vista in my new laptop. It's so confusing and time consuming. I am thinking to make RAM double.





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Minimum system requirements to run Vista's Aero Glass feature


• DirectX 9 video card

• Pixel shader 2.0 support

• AGP 4x or better or PCI Express video cards are recommended.

• At least 64 MB of video memory for standard resolution monitors. More will be needed for high resolution or multiple monitor setups.

• A special WDDM video driver


keep getting "Access Denied" errors when saving files


By default, Windows Vista's file settings are opened with "normal user" settings despite the fact that you may be the system administrator. In order to give yourself permission to edit and save these files, follow the instructions outlined below:

1.Go to Start

2.In the Search box, type: explorer

3.Right click "Windows Explorer"

4.Select "Run As Administrator"


Every setting change within Windows Explorer at this point will be given full Administrator permissions.


5.Find the folder that contains the file or files that you wish to edit.

6.Right click the folder.

7.Select Properties.

8.Click the Security tab.

9.Select Edit>> Add

10.If you are the sole administrator and do not wish to let others modify these files, type your user name and press Enter. Or, just type: "Users" and then press Enter.

11.Place a checkmark next to the entry titled: "Allow Full Control"

12.Click OK, then OK once again.


System Specifications


Vista Capable PC's Minimum Requirements:


•800 MHz Intel-compatible processor

•512MB of RAM

•DirectX 9.0-Capable Graphics Processor


Premium Ready PC's Recommended Requirements:


•1 GHz Intel-compatible processor


•DirectX 9.0-Capable Graphics Processor, with 128MB graphics memory. (64MB of graphics memory to support a single monitor less than 1,310,720 pixels [no more than 1440x900]; 128MB of graphics memory to support a single monitor at resolutions from 1,310,720 to 2,304,000 pixels [no more than 1920x1200]; 256MB of graphics memory to support a single monitor at resolutions higher than 2,304,000 pixels [more than 1920x1200]).

•40GB HD with at least 15GB "free space"


Reduce Desktop Icon Size


By default, Windows Vista sets the size of your desktop icons to a "medium" setting. If this setting has the icons appearing to large for your preference, here's how to reduce them back to a more "Classic" look:


1. Right click an empty area of the desktop.

2. Select "View" and then select "Classic icons".


Extend A Partition Using The Windows Vista DVD


To extend a partition using the Windows Vista DVD proceed as follows:


1. Switch on your PC

2. Quickly insert the Vista DVD into your CD.DVD-ROM drive

3. A message will appear asking you to 'Press any key to boot from CD.DVD

4. Press any key

5. A black screen will now appear with a progress bar along the bottom. The legend say's 'Windows is loading files'

6. After the files have been loaded the Language screen will appear.

7. Select your language from the list and press Next

8. At the Installation screen press the Install Now button

9. The product key window will now open

10. Type your product key number into the available box and then press OK

11. The End user Licence Agreement now appears. You 'must' accept this to continue

12. At the next screen click on the Custom Install (Advanced) option

13. The next screen to appear is 'Where do you want to install Windows'

14. At the bottom of this window you will see an option marked Drive options (Advanced), click on this option

15. In this Window select the partition you wish to Extend from the list available and then click the Extend option link

16. A box will appear beneath the Extend option which you can you can use to type in the size of the extension you want the partition to have. After you have typed in the size click OK to proceed

17. A message will now appear informing you that 'Extending a partition is not a reversible action. If you proceed, you will not be able to undo this action later.' Press OK to proceed.

18. Your Partition will now be extended by the required amount


Windows Vista unable to see other computers or other computers are unable to see Windows Vista


By default, any network you connect to your computer is considered a Public (insecure) network. This causes Windows Vista to use stricter settings which may prevent discovery and file sharing. To allow your Windows Vista computer to access other computers on your network and vice versa, follow these steps:

1.Click Start

2.Click Control Panel

3.Click Network and Internet

4.Click Network and Sharing Center

5.Look under the Network heading

6.Click the Customize link to the right of the network heading

7.If this is not set to Private, click Private, click Next, and then Close.

8.Look under the Sharing and Discovery heading

9.Make sure Network Sharing and File Sharing is turned on. If they aren't, click the down arrow next to them and click the option that turns them on.



Make Vista look like an older version of Windows


Right-click the Start button,

select Properties, and choose Classic Start Menu to get a Start menu that's composed primarily of cascading menus that lead to programs.

Right-click the desktop,

select Personalize, and double-click Theme to choose the Windows Classic theme

Take both of these steps, and Vista will have a decidedly old-school, Windows 2000-like flavor.



More next time....

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Unfortunately My Unioversity doesn#t support Visa and I faed a lot peoblem using University network on Visa and had to uninstall and install XP to make life easier. Anyway, Thnaks Himal jee. May be useful later/

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