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ICT Development in Nepal

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With modernise communication system and thousands of IT graduates, Nepal could have been alternative to India for call centre, one of the main reason for Indian economic booming.



Seeing the economic boom in India in the past couple of years, we could have also created a competitive and economic IT Manpower so as to attract the foreign companies for various outsourcing services like: call centers, software outsourcing, medical transcription etc. and create a competitive market as well.


Since, "it's better late than never" now that the situation of country has stabilized and there is peace in the country, there are chances that there will definately be a good change and one of the example is the increase in percentage of students passing SLC this year which was 58% than that of 46% last year which ultimately increases the literacy rate of Nepal. Hence, without any doubt there will be more students graduating each year. But there may arise questions about the employment opportunities to these graduate. If they can be mobilized and managed in our country, then I hope there would be definately an economic boom in our country.

Edited by loona

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with in last 5 years ICT had been in the major developemet in Nepal rather than any other industries. we need to focus on developing more ICT professional in Nepal.

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ICT in Nation Building: 105 Mantras


BY Allen Bailochan Tuladhar


1. Scrap all STD charges on accessing Internet and e-mail, irrespective of the ISP being dialed.


2. Institute a system of sharing the revenue of the service provider and the content provider


3. The present 2+4 per cent taxes on telecom is too high. ICT is one of the highest taxed industries of the country equal to the alcohol, tobacco, gambling and recreation industries. Such tax should be reduced to zero or near zero.


4. NTA, MOIC, Registrar's Office and FDI Cell at Finance Ministry should be time bound (two weeks) to process applications.


5. ISM bands should be public and licence and royalty free.


6. Expand the 1-800 & 1-900 services (Intelligent Network services) throughout the country.


7. Licence fee for ISP should be zero for first five years, and thereafter Rs 1 only like in India .


8. Immediately invest the money collected in Rural Telecom Development Fund. No more promises and excuses -- action is what is required now. This is public money that needs to be invested into the rural areas of Nepal .


9. License 5.2 GHz UniBand not per equipment but per operator.


10. Allow mutual inter-connectivity between different networks.


11. Allow cable TV operators to provide Internet without additional licencing (single licence for all types of services).


12. Allow the service providers the last mile flexibility by using any form desired. Only radio should be required to coordinate with the wireless authority (that too with MOIC only not with MOIC and NTA both).


13. For radio frequency licences, the security agencies should get 30 days to respond to applications, failing which, permit should be automatic.


14. Telecom operators should accord the highest priority to providing telephone lines to those going in for electronic commerce and electronic data interchange (EC/EDI).


15. Concept of Rural Telecentres with all sorts of multimedia and Internet capacity should be encouraged. No licencing should be required for this.


16. Fax over IP and paging services should not require licence.


17. Frequencies of 13.56 MHz, 918-920MHZ, 2.45 GHz should be allocated to RFID and should be licence and royalty free.


18. Hi-Tech Habitat concept should be promoted. Housing and apartment buildings should be given subsidies to use the highest technologies in digital lifestyles: HDTV, interactive surveillance and security systems, WiFi and WiMaxpro hot zones, ubiquitous networks in household appliances, etc.


19 . Both customs duty and VAT on IT software should be zero.


20. Duty on media of any kind should be levied only on the media, not on the content value.


21. Block grant of Rs. 1 million to the VDCs should be used to provide 100 per cent subsidy to create rural telecenters in each VDC that does not yet have a telecenter.


22. Each government department should have a website and an IT officer to update this website


23 Each government office should entertain queries through telephones and emails as well. For this there should be domestic call centres.


24. As the objective of the IT Policy 2000 to provide computer education to all by 2010 is not likely to be fulfilled, the new objective should be "one house one digital literate".


25. Export shipment time for air cargo should be reduced to less than 24 hours.


26. Income tax exemption should be provided on profits derived from IT exports. This facility should be extended to supporting software and services developers as well.


27. IT software and services should be deemed as manufacturing activity and be provided with all the privileges provided to priority sector industries and export-oriented industries.


28. Bring out policy for direct to home connectivity.


29. Exempt personal income tax on expenditures on IT.


30. Scrap gift tax on IT related gift of upto Rs. 50,000 in value.


31. Allow depreciation at the rate of 50 per cent per year on IT goods and software (100 per cent in two years).


32. Scrap collateral requirement on bank credit for IT. It should instead be based on turnover and contracts in hand (25 per cent of contract value for 18 months, first six months as term loan, without collateral).


33. IT should be treated as priority sector for bank loan for the next five years. Banks should create special cells to handle the IT sector. IT development bank should be set up.


34. Satellite radio policy should allow one way data dump for offline browsing for rural telecentres.


35. Refinancing by NRB for loans to IT should be at low rates, replicating the example of financing for the hydel industry.


36. Banks should be allowed to invest 5 per cent of their equity in shares of IT companies. The banks should also be allowed to invest in IT venture capital investment.


37. Set up four venture capital funds of Rs. 50 crores each for investment in IT. Police and Army Welfare Funds, Employee Provident Fund and Citizen Investment Trust should invest a large percentage of their funds into this Venture Capital Fund.


38. Make provision of 'Sweat Equity' to IT employees in IT companies so as to reduce the problem of employee retention.


39. R&D grants should be instituted so that even micro-funding can foster a research and development culture.


40. A national 5-year ICT plan should be created in sync with the national 5-year development plan and an annual ICT plan in sync with the national budget.


41. Local language content and digital gateways should be encouraged.


42. Local credit/debit cards should be allowed to be used online.


43. National Public Awareness Campaigns should be conducted. National ICT Day should be observed.


44. Duty exemption should be provided for importing capital goods for companies providing IT infrastructure.


45. PC to Phone/VOIP should be decontrolled. Policy should be created for licencing of VOIP.


46. The existing cumbersome system of allowing FDI should be reformed. There should be a one-door-policy in reality.


47. If an organisation has to provide pre-job training, this should be supported by the government and academia.


48. International consultants should be commissioned to assess country's relative IT standing in the world.


49. If an IT company is to own land and/or building, the registration charge should be reduced so as to encourage capital investments for long term sustainability for the company.


50. The country’s trade promotion body should be made more active and IT savvy to facilitate the participation of IT companies in international trade fairs.



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51. If any IT company is generating power for its own use, it should be provided the same subsidy that is currently provided on alternative energy.


52. Government websites should be developed in collaboration with the private sector for the promotion of Nepali IT industry internationally. Nepalese websites should be promoted.




53. Human resource export organisations should be created for export of IT manpower.


54. IT enabled services should be classified as IT services.


55. Local software should be encouraged by law in all government and donor agency funded projects even if it is 15 per cent more expensive. Every foreign ICT company should be required to either establish a local office or tie up with a local partner to bid for supply or work in Nepal .


56. Private ICT Parks should be encouraged and facilities provided.


57. Vidyarthi computer scheme, Shikshyak computer scheme and Pathsala computer scheme should be initiated with micro-credit funding in partnership with the banks.


58. Computers and internet should be made available in EVERY school, college and hospital by 2008-end.


59. Distance education should be promoted for IT at ALL higher education institutions.


60. Initiate an ICT national development volunteer service under which the ICT engineers are required to go and volunteer their time in rural telecentres and government schools for a couple of months.


61. For promoting digital literacy, National Council for IT Education should be formed and Teach the Teachers programme should be launched.


62. IT course module should be made COMPULSORY in all degree level courses.


63. Nepali IT universities should establish sister IT relationship with foreign universities.


64. Specific courses should be launched to upgrade capacity within the country for Project Management and Software Marketing.


65. SMART school concept should be introduced on a pilot basis.


66. Institute of Computer Professionals should be set up to accredit IT training institutes if CTEVT is not willing to take on this responsibility.


67. Security knowledge in Armed and Police Forces should be IT upgraded. Knowledge on IPR issues should to be made more rampant in local police stations.


68. Virtual institutes should be encouraged for distance education.


69. Upon retirement, the government personnel should be re-used to propagate ICT in rural sectors.


70. Set up National Qualification Framework and an Educational Credit Bank. Double check fake certifications and verify all kinds of certificates being issued at the moment.


71. Digital Libraries Project should be started. Digitise all the knowledge that we have so that it can be made accessible to a wider audience online.


72. Those districts which have achieved high literacy should now target to achieve computer literacy.


73. Special focus should be on developing IT in previously under-developed areas --- primary focus to Far Western Region.


74. Encourage value added services e.g. ATM, kiosks, smart cards -- One stop non-stop concept.


75. A system for registration of rural telecentres should be developed so that coordination of the same can be achieved.


76. Launch a campaign for IT in the local language. (Ninety+ national languages recognised in the proposed interim constitution.) Skills need to be taught to each community to create solutions for their own language in ICT.


77. Launch demonstration projects to highlight use of IT in agriculture and integrated rural development. Go for wired village concept.


78. Target to propagate IT in rural areas through backbone expansion. Use existing cable TV network for Internet especially for peri-urban areas.


79. Follow a time bound programme in imports and exports (especially at he Tribhuvan International Airport ) to use EDI and electronic commerce.


80. Make bar coding of each and every item sold in the country COMPULSORY within five years. (VAT collection could go up substantially !)


81. Every government information should be made automatically available to the public, for transparency.


82. Make available online all the information of all government data collecting agencies (such as, in case of municipalities, birth, marriage, death certification, passport, citizenship, land ownership document, drivers license, etc.)


83. Citizen's charter for transparent government should be framed and initiated for every government department and office and it should be made available online.


84. There should be 5-year IT Plan by each and every development region in sync with the national 5-year ICT plans, which in turn should be in sync with the 5-year plan of each and every government department.


85. Five percent of each ministry's budget should be compulsorily spent on IT products and services, skills, etc.


86. Bulk contracts should be awarded for IT so as to lower costs. Concepts like bolpatra.com to be better utilised to ensure higher usage and transparency in tender bidding processes.


87. IT Park should be handed over to a private sector company on long-term lease.


88. Amend the labour law making it more ICT friendly (i.e. non union and non strikeable).


89. All government data should be made available over intranet between government departments and through Internet to the public.


90. Arrange for IT intervention in all eight of United Nation's Millennium Development Goals.


91. Create computerised national inventory of training and best practices for electronic access.


92. Create computerised national inventory of all the job descriptions of ICT industry for electronic access to enable employees to gain better insights on their career in ICT.


93. IT literacy should be made ESSENTIAL for future employment in the government.


94. National Institute of Smart Government should be set up and all senior government officials should be trained in it for capacity building if the Staff College is not willing to take this responsibility.


95. ICT should be factored into all departments of Public Administration.


96. Government floor space and ICT infrastructure un-utilised during non-office hours should be allowed to be used by private sector IT trainers in return for free seats for government personnel.


97. Interconnectivity gateways should be set up in all the five development regions and they should be interconnected with NPIX in Kathmandu .


98. IT ambassadors should be appointed in most of the big customer countries of ICT.


99. Special awards and recognitions should be provided to ICT companies that make an IPO and those with offices outside the country.


100. Annual ITIP (IT Important Person) recognition should be instituted in line with the Commercially Important Person to be given to the highest foreign currency earning company in ICT exports.


101. Nepal government's seal of approval (purely accreditation and not quality) should be provided to any Nepali IT packaged solutions.


102. Paper records should be kept for a MAXIMUM of TWO months only after which only electronic records should be kept.


103. Adopt the concept of tele-everything: banking, medicine, education, library, documents, transfer, e-commerce, tele-centre.


104. Create national standards on ICT and harmonise these with international standards at the same time to promote and police national standards usage and abuse when required.


105. Give a three-month time limit for follow-up measures on above to all government institutions.


(Tuladhar is CEO of Unlimited NuMedia)


Source : Business age Magazine.


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Interesting topic!


Although I do not have deep knowledge about IT and ICT things, what I think is IT and ICT are 2 different elements and associated to each other.


IT (Information Technology)


ICT (Information Communication Technology)


(a) Internal (PMS, Wi-Fi, CRS, GDS, internet e-mail)

(B) External (Mobile Technology, PDAs, Mobile Phones etc.)


My concern is without deployment of IT development of ICT (Such as Mobile may not be possible. Its’ good if Nepal pay much attention to develop IT industry which will provide a window to expand ICT.


I may not be right, I appreciate if someone who is from this specific field highlights about this matter.





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Information Technology is among the most rapidly expanding subjects in education today.


Information Technology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." In short, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information, securely.


Recently it has become popular to broaden the term to explicitly include the field of electronic communication so that people tend to use the abbreviation ICT (Information and Communications Technology).

Edited by Yadav

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